How to Become a Loctician, and Open a Loc/Dreadlock Salon Business
I'll cover a lot of information in this 5 part series on "How to Become a Loctician and Open a Loc/Dreadlock Salon Business" to include:
Part 1: The Vision (Dreams and Plans)
Part 2: The Start (Space and Stuff)
Part 3: The Management (People and Procedures)
Part 4: The Marketing (Advertising and Branding)
Part 5: The Expansion (Growth and Duplication)
How to Become a Loctician and Open a Loc/Dreadlock Salon Business
This was taken from a CNN article "Hair Salons and Barbershops: A growing Industry": The article featured a loc business owner.
According to Census data, the number of barbershops in Maryland rose nearly 11% between 2007 -- when the recession hit -- and 2009, while the number of beauty salons in the state jumped more than 17%. Nationwide, there were 18.6% more barber shops and 14.4% more beauty salons in 2009 than in 2007.
Sounds like a business that can thrive in almost any economy, doesn't it? I'll be asking some "thinking" questions so It may be handy to take notes as you read along. Let's get started:
Part 1. THE VISION (Dreams and Plans)
What type of Loc Salon do you want?
- A no frills hair joint
- A local neighborhood shop
- A posh, upscale hair studio
What decor style do you want to use?
- Designer Look
Which hair clients do you plan to serve?
- All natural hair including braids and afros
- Adults and/or children
These are a few dreams to help get you started. Now, let's take a look at some planning.
A business plan is really a good tool to give you direction, and help you to address things that you may not have otherwise considered. But before we discuss a business plan, let's first take a look at becoming a Loctician.
How to Become a Loctician
The interesting thing about becoming a Loctician is that there are different laws in different U.S. states on this issue. Laws also vary in other countries. It's nothing to stop you, it is just a step in the process.
In the United States, locs or dreadlocks fall under the category of hair braiding. In some states, you must have a hair braiders license in order to become a loctician. In other states, you do not. So, the first thing you need to do is to find out what your state requires. For example, in Texas you do need a hairbraiders license. So you must:
1. Find a school to get certified as a braider first. The certification consists of a 35 hour course covering Technical Skills, Health & Safety/Laws & Regulations, and Hair Analysis & Scalp Care. Schools can cost between $250 - $800 here.
2. You must get licensed through the state for about $53.00.
Wherever you are, check with your local licensing board, for the requirements in your area.
Now, the licensing is one thing, but remember you want to be a Loctician, so you must know how to care for Locs. You probably already know how to do this, and just needed to be "legal". If you don't already know how, you can teach yourself, or take a class on Locs. One way to teach yourself is to study this website (smile).
With that out of the way, let's go back to the business plan.
Loc Hair Salon Business Plan
Most business plans follow a set outline. You can make your plan as simple or as detailed as you need to. The basic categories for your plan include:
Summarize your plan. What is it about?
Summarize your company, who are you?
-Services and Products
What do you do? What do you sell?
How will you let people know about you?
How does the business run?
What type of qualifications do you have?
What are the costs? Startup & Ongoing.
Remember, the plan can be simple if you find the whole task daunting. The key is to make some type of plan and write it down. It really will be of a benefit to you.
Are you still dreaming? Great! Have some fun with this. You can start jotting down some ideas and brainstorming what you would like to see in your own Loc salon.
I'll see you next Wednesday for:
Part 2 - Starting a Loc Salon (Space and Stuff).
Note: I've started several businesses and written several business plans. If you'd like to start a salon business, do it. Please don't give up. You'll have challenges, but you'll also have successes! I'd love to hear about your businesses when you open them. If you already have a salon, please feel free to share your comments with others who are just starting off and need all the encouragement that they can get!