8 Types of Shampoo and Their Uses
This type of shampoo moisturizes the hair and is designed to make the hair smooth and shiny. It usually has conditioning agents added to it to restore moisture and elasticity. Protein and Biotin are two types of agents that are sometimes added.
pH- Balanced Shampoo
These shampoos help to close the hair cuticle and are used to prevent excessive dryness and hair damage. The pH of skin and hair is 4.5 to 5.5 and these pH balanced shampoos are balanced to closely match that of the skin and hair. Citric, Lactic, or Phosphoric Acid is added to many shampoos for this balance.
This shampoo is used to remove buildup of mineral deposits, styling products and chlorine. It contains an active chelating agent that binds to metals and removes them from the hair. It should be used when buildup is evident, not as a regular shampoo.
A balancing shampoo, although not necessarily pH-balanced, is used for oily hair and scalp. It washes away excess oiliness, while preventing the hair from drying out.
Medicated shampoos are used to reduce dandruff or relieve other scalp conditions. They are sold over-the-counter, but can also be prescribed by a doctor. They can often be quite strong and should be used with care.
This type of shampoo is like a color rinse. It contains color pigment and causes a slight color change. They are used to brighten, add a slight hint of color and eliminate unwanted color tines.
Also known as Powder Shampoo, it cleanses the hair without the use of soap and water. The power picks up the dirt and oils as you brush it through the hair. It is a great shampoo to use for elderly people who may have difficulty leaning over a shampoo bowl or sink.
Wig and Hairpiece Shampoo
Yes, there's even a special shampoo for wigs. It is designed to remove things like lacquer and hair spray from wigs.
Matching Conditioners To Your Hair Type
There are three basic types of conditioners:
Rinse-out, Treatment or Repair, and Leave-in Conditioners.
Rinse-out conditioners are worked through the hair and then rinsed out before styling. They help with detangling your hair.
Treatment or Repair conditioners restore protein and moisture in your hair. This is the type of conditioner that should be used in a "deep conditioning" treatment. They contain concentrated protein and moisturizer that penetrates the cuticle layer of the hair usually using the aid of heat from a hair dryer.
Leave-in conditioners are not rinsed out. They are left in your hair until the next shampoo. They reinforce the strength of the hair and may contain ingredients that retain moisture, make the hair appear shiny, and/or reduce frizz.
Matching To Your Hair Type:
If your hair is Straight and:
Fine: Use a Detangler, Protein Treatments
Medium: Finishing Rinse Conditioner, Protein Treatments
Coarse: Leave-In Conditioner, Moisturizing Treatments
If your hair is Wavy, Curly, or Extremely Curly and:
Fine: Leave-In Conditioner, Protein Treatment, Thermal Protectors
Medium: Leave-In Conditioner, Moisturizing Treatment
Coarse: Leave-In Conditioner, Protein and Moisturizing Treatment
If your hair is Dry and Damaged (from relaxers, hot irons, etc) and:
Fine: Leave-In Conditioner, Protein and Moisturizing Repair, Thermal Protectors
Medium: Moisturizing Conditioner, Protein and Moisturizing Repair
Course: Leave-In Conditioner, Deep-Conditioning Treatment